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Tuesday, May 19, 2020 | History

1 edition of Irrigation induced soil degradation in Mula command area of Western Maharashtra found in the catalog.

Irrigation induced soil degradation in Mula command area of Western Maharashtra

Irrigation induced soil degradation in Mula command area of Western Maharashtra

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Published by Water Technology Centre for Eastern Region, Indian Council of Agricultural Research in Bhubaneswar .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementS.K. Chaudhari ... [et al.].
SeriesResearch bulletin -- publication no. 33
ContributionsChaudhari, S. K., Water Technology Centre for Eastern Region (India)
The Physical Object
Pagination54 p. :
Number of Pages54
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22653981M
LC Control Number2008331706

of irrigation in Dhule district was the oldest irrigation system in the state. There were 45 diversion bandharas across the river Panzra, irrigating about hectares area.4 A detailed evaluation study of Mula Irrigation Project carried out by the Water and Land . Groundwater utilization for irrigation 9 Irrigation in India 12 Intensity of irrigation 12 Groundwater-based irrigation 13 Programs supporting irrigation 15 Water use efficiency in agriculture 16 Virtual water flow 18 Programs and technologies related to water use efficiency

The present paper provides a brief account of degraded and wastelands, causes, major threats, and management options for combating soil degradation in India. 2. Assessment of Degraded and Wastelands of India It is estimated that out of M ha total geographical area (TGA) of India, the area under agriculture is File Size: KB. The gross irrigated area increased from 34% of gross cropped area in to % in Issues facing Irrigation in India. Serious Issues: The government needs to demonstrate the political commitment and administrative skill and initiate strategic actions to overcome following serious issues facing irrigation in India.

Irrigation in India includes a network of major and minor canals from Indian rivers, groundwater well based systems, tanks, and other rainwater harvesting projects for agricultural activities. Of these groundwater system is the largest. In , only about % of total agricultural land in India was reliably irrigated, and remaining 2/3rd cultivated land in India is dependent on monsoons.   History and development of irrigation in india 1. HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF IRRIGATION IN INDIA 2. IRRIGATION Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. Mainly used to replace missing rainfall in periods of drought.


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Irrigation induced soil degradation in Mula command area of Western Maharashtra Download PDF EPUB FB2

Salinity and sodicity of soils and irrigation waters are major environmental problems in the arid and semiarid regions of the world. While these problems are natural in their genesis in the coastal regions, they occur primarily due to anthropogenic activities in the irrigation command areas resulting from faulty : R.

Meena, G. Gururaja Rao, Vishwanath Jowkin, U. Khandkar, J. Dagar. Water resources deterioration, diversion of water for other uses, and soil degradation are the major factors affecting the environmental sustainability of irrigated agriculture. Water logging results from the tendency to apply water in excess of irrigation requirements.

It leads to reduced aeration, nutrient uptake, and crop by: Irrigation induced soil degradation in Mula Command Area of Western Maharashtra: PRA study for resource characterization in a tribal dominated watershed: Water users group dynamics and mobilization for participatory irrigation management: Effect of irrigation regimes and nitrogen levels on herbage and oil yield, oil quality, nutrient uptake and economics of Iemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) in a sandy loam soil of Orissa.

Topographic Appraisal for Irrigation Suitability in a Part of Jayakwadi Command Area, Parbhani District, Maharashtra Article PDF Available. of land degradation and expanding biotic stresses.

this part of Maharashtra dominated by these soils. The use of natural freshwater (viz. river or well) for irrigation aggra-vates the physical condition of the soil to such an extent that many farmers are forced to abandon irrigated agriculture in most parts of the district In Maharash-tra, the total irrigated area.

The Mula irrigation project is Large Scale Public Sector Irrigation Projects (LSPSIP).The Mula Dam plays major role in the study area. The data regarding the water availability of Mula Dam has been collected from Mula irrigation Department.

The water of Mula Dam is being used for the purpose of agriculture, drinking, industry and livestock. to soil degradation. Further, the extension of canal irrigation to arid and semi arid areas has resulted in water logging and salination.

More than 50 per cent of the country’s land area falls under some degree and/or category of degradation. Even the land under cultivation is substantially degraded File Size: KB. The present paper is an attempt to show the spatial pattern of agricultural development in the Solapur district of selected sample villages.

In the sample selected villages of the study area is Author: Ankush Barakade. UCCE Irrigation Specialist, Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, Kearney Agricultural Center.

ImpACTS Of SOIL EROSION Soil erosion is caused by the erosive forces of wind or water. In this publication, we focus our attention on concepts surrounding water-induced soil erosion. This type ofFile Size: KB. पाणी उपसा उदभव व उदभवाचे Îथान - मुळा जलाशय, मुळानगर शाखा मंजूर िपके "वाही सचनासाठी.

Effect of sewage irrigation on soil properties, essential nutrient and pollutant element status of soils and plants in a vegetable growing area around Ahmednagar city in Maharashtra Article Full.

A major storage dam on the Mula River in Maharashtra was constructed in the early s to irrigate about 80 ha in drought prone villages.

Even though the project is operational since –78 and the storage supplies were as per design, in subsequent years the irrigated area has not exceeded 40 ha even in the best rainfall and storage by: 3.

serious degradation in terms of high exchangeable Na (ESP) and low saturated hydraulic conductivity (sHC), suggesting that it would be prudent to encour-age rainfed agriculture in the district under improved management practices.

Keywords: Anthropogenic activities, irrigation water quality, shrink-swell soils, soil degradation, soil quality.

Contemporary pedogenic formation of palygorskite in irrigation-induced, saline-sodic, shrink-swell soils of Maharashtra, India Soil degradation due to sodicity. Mula Command area (Rahuri. Even though our country is blessed with wide varieties of soils with high fertility, it is being degraded day by day by various natural and human activities.

Farmers in India are complaining about low productivity because of various reasons and soil degradation is one of them. Loss of soil fertility results in low productivity. It also results in high cost-of-production, low income, food.

the end of ninth plan. Area under minor irrigation also increased from million ha in pre-plan period to million ha at the end of annual plan (Chahar and Vadodaria, ). On the other hand due to ex cess irrigation most of the area under irrigation is affected by the problem of soil salinity; and it became a major limiting File Size: KB.

functioning of soils (EEA/UNEP, ). Soil degradation can be defined as human-induced deterioration of its quality, which means the partial or entire loss of one or more functions of soil (Blum, ). Soil quality then should be related to the potential socioeconomically and ecological soil functions.

Irrigation is helpful forCited by: 3. Soil Degradation in India: Challenges and Potential Solutions of the world’s land area. Despite its low proportional land area, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries account for 17% of the gross Human-induced soil degradation results from land clearing and deforestation, inappropriate.

Download Irrigation Engineering And Hydraulic Structures By Santosh Kumar Garg – The book is designed to cover the major fields of agricultural and environmental engineering such as weather, plant, soil, water, and basics of on-farm water book will be quite useful for the students of agricultural engineering.

Students of other related branches of engineering sciences, and. Some important terms1. Culturable Command Area (CCA): The gross command area contains unfertile barren land, alkaline soil, local ponds, villages and other areas as habitation.

These areas are called unculturable areas. The remaining area on which crops can be grown satisfactorily is known as cultivable command area (CCA). In view of earlier reports on the occurrence of saltaffected shrink-swell soils in the Purna valley areas in Amravati district of Maharashtra, the present study was carried out to assess the current nature and extent of soil degradation due to use of irrigation water.

Results indicate that the irrigation water used to raise agricultural crops in Amravati, Bhatkuli, Warud and Daryapur tehsils. The land use dynamics over the last four decades between s andpoint at increasing share of croplands at the expense of rangelands and wastelands, rapidly growing urbanization and a slight extension in the forest cover (Table A.1 in the Annex).

However, the analysis of more recent MODIS satellite data shows that between andthe forest cover declined all across India by Cited by: